In a contract action I've got the following:

require_auth(from);  // NOTICE THIS LINE...
INLINE_ACTION_SENDER(contract, transfer)(
    {from, N(active)},  // ... AND THIS LINE.
    {from, to, price, memo});

When I invoke the action I get:

Error 3030002: signatures do not satisfy declared authorizations
Ensure that you have the related private keys inside your wallet and your wallet is unlocked.
Error Details:
transaction declares authority '{"actor":"myaccount","permission":"active"}', but does not have signatures for it.

Notice that require_auth(from) passes but the inline action fails because the authorization {from, N(active)} is not present.

How is that possible? Doesn't require_auth(from) in effect check for the authorization {from, N(active)}?


I'm invoking the action as follows:

cleos push action contract action \
  '[ myaccount theiraccount "16 BTC" "DD => PP (C=8)" ]' -p myaccount@active

-p myaccount@active explicitly provides myaccount@active authorization, a fact that I can verify by running, for example, the following...

cleos push action contract action \
  '[ myaccount theiraccount "16 BTC" "DD => PP (C=8)" ]' -p essential@active

...which causes the require_auth(from) to fail as expected...

Error 3030001: missing required authority
Ensure that you have the related authority inside your transaction!;
If you are currently using 'cleos push action' command, try to add the relevant authority using -p option.
Error Details:
missing authority of myaccount

...because I didn't provide -p myaccount@active.

1 Answer 1


From an answer by Todd Fleming on the EOS Developers Telegram channel:

If user A authorizes an action sent to contract B then that does not imply B can send an action to contract C with A's authorization.

There are two ways to address this. The bad way: have users authorize B to act on their behalf. The good way: contracts can detect when someone transfers tokens to them and act on it.

  • I'm not thrilled with this answer because AFAIK the "good" way does not cause the actions to execute as an atomic transaction.
    – kkurian
    Commented May 18, 2018 at 7:16
  • This make sense since B would act as a middleman in "the bad way". I see a contract can send a transaction with action.send() . Are there any examples on how to "detect" a transfer to a contract? Commented May 18, 2018 at 23:42
  • @MagicManXpress You mean like this? eosio.stackexchange.com/questions/364/…
    – kkurian
    Commented May 21, 2018 at 18:08

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